Nearly half of all adults over 30 in the U.S. have some form of periodontal disease according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Gum disease is the most common type and is primarily caused by bacteria.
Healthy gums are essential to an overall healthy mouth, so they need proper dental care treatments and good hygiene to prevent disease. Effective treatment of gum disease begins with a comprehensive examination to identify the cause of the problem.
Commonly, food particles get trapped between teeth and below the gum line causing bacteria to grow which will eventually cause the symptoms of gum disease that we all recognize. Good oral hygiene including regular brushing and flossing can prevent gum disease before it has a chance to take hold. Schedule dentist visits twice a year for checkups that can identify trouble spots before they have a chance to worsen.
Symptoms and Causes of Gum Disease
Gum disease can be identified by inflammation and redness with the gums bleeding easily with normal brushing. The inflammation is caused by bacteria stemming from food particles left between teeth from inadequate brushing or failure to floss between teeth.
As the bacteria grows, it forms a film on the teeth called plaque. When this plaque gradually hardens on the surface, it develops into tartar, which can spread beneath the gum line causing inflammation of the tissue surrounding your teeth.
Left untreated, this condition will deteriorate the tissue until it can no longer support your teeth and they begin to loosen, or fall out entirely. Some factors make patients more prone to developing gum disease, such as smoking, diabetes, stress, or gaps in the smile where food particles can get easily trapped.
If you are experiencing tenderness or bleeding of the gums, loose teeth, or painful chewing, contact Dr. Lines and Dr. Anderson today to schedule a comprehensive exam for effective treatment of gum disease.